Dropbox 开创者在 2012 年的 MIT 结束学业典礼的发言全文

译文

“作者不再计较让生活百科,而是试图让它有趣。”

多谢 Reed 主席,恭喜全体 2012 级的同室。

很快乐回到 MIT,也很荣幸前些天能和你们在一道。小编还是带着自作者的 Brass
Rat,在结业那天转动那个戒指依然是本身生命中最自豪的每17日之一。

有好多原因使这一天很尤其,但本身为你们的高兴的原由是,那是你们人生中再也不要求勾选框框的首后天。

在你们的头 20
年,生命里的成功表示从一环跳到另一环:获得测验成绩、进入那所学校,上课、获得这么些学位。进入一个好的部门,以便进入下二个好的机关。全部这一切都在先天了却了。

统一筹划人生里最难的事是不明了要去哪个地方,却愿意不久到达那里。大概你会创设一家合营社、治愈癌症或写伟大的美利坚同盟国立小学说。但哪个人知道吧?那个事恐怕会错得离谱。小编也不知晓。

明日在此间穿着长袍解说并不是自家七年前布置中的一部分。事实上,笔者从没有二个高大的安插——而作者昨日察觉到,毕业后大概没有可能有诸如此类一个陈设。

本人想了无多次,你们前些天初阶的生活到底有怎样两样。笔者想过倘若重来笔者会做哪些。你们知道的几近便是变得聪明和着力干活。但从不人告知您,今日之后,成功的的门槛改变了。所以本人想给您们一张小抄,小编在大团结结束学业的时候想要的那一张。

本身的小抄上未曾过多内容。唯有3个网球、多个圆形和数字
三千0。忍一下,作者晓得未来它们还尚未其余意义。

本身 21 岁时在一家 Chili’s 饭馆里创制了第2家公司。笔者和共同创办人 AndrewCrick
都以首先次。大家不清楚是或不是须求穿着西装去市政厅,或是制作公司印章来打字与印刷首要的公文。后来我们发现只须求到网上填写三个表格,大概两分钟就足以了。那有某个断断续续,但大家早已开端做事情了。吃着洋葱圈,我们决定集团将为
SAT 制作一种崭新的网课。那时候当先四分一孩子依旧使用老式的 800
页课本,而其余网课一点都不佳。大家给它起名为 Accolade,3个 SAT
词汇,表示称誉荣誉。实际上,我们称之为 “Accolade
公司有限义务公司”,那样听起来更令人印象深远。

本身在返乡的旅途停在了斯台普斯,储备了有的卡片。很明朗,做事情最要紧的步调是
PS
三个注脚,然后打字与印刷一些著名影片,上边印着“创办者”。做事情的下三个步骤是在集会上把它们发出去,然后告诉女孩们“是的,笔者有3个小卖部。”这太酷了。

但最好的一部分是读书各类新东西。作者每一个暑假都住在兄弟会的房舍里,五楼有三个阶梯通到楼顶。笔者拖了二个铁灰尼龙折叠椅过去,还抱了成千上万从亚马逊(亚马逊(Amazon))购买的书过去,笔者把各样星期四的日子都花在读书商场、销售、管理等自家完全不打听的地点。作者并从未打算在
Phi Delta Theta 的屋顶上获得 MBA,但就是如此发生了。

两年后,事情开首滑坡了。笔者觉得要博取进行尤为难了,有时候作者会心绪失控,无法解开关系平行线的数学题,大概不或者相见
3:45
离开布尔萨的列车。笔者想有个别工作出现了难点。作者因为尚未生产力而倍感愧对。创办一家集团直接是本身的只求,可能,作者并未那么些力量。

于是自身休息了一小段时日。当然,假设您在 6
班,“休息”有时候表示写一个扑克牌机器人。对于那几个不领悟如何是扑克机器人的同校,正是你在网上玩扑克牌游戏,坐着点了几钟头的按钮,然后输掉全数钱。而1个扑克牌机器人则意味着能够让电脑为您输掉全部钱。

但那是三个可歌可泣的挑衅。我被它决定了。哪怕是洗澡的时候小编也会盘算它。早上的时候也会思考。就像打开了1个开关——作者恍然变成了一台机器。

开展到中游的时候,父母希望大家具有的人去新罕布什(Bush)尔州过三次家庭周末。但自个儿实在想接二连三做自笔者的扑克牌机器人。所以作者打开本身的宝马1系后备箱,然后把电脑和电线全体拖到了我们的斗室里。餐厅桌子不够大,所以本身把富有的锅和物价指数都移走了,为自我的显示屏腾出空间。此次是本人妈觉得作者出现了难点。她坚信自个儿当时就要进看守所了。

自个儿当时视为为厚爱的东西工作,但其实并不是那样。很不难说服本身正值做的事是深爱的——哪个人想确认并不是啊?当自己想开那或多或少时,作者知道的那个最欢乐和最成功的人不但爱他们做的事,他们乐此不疲于消除3个第三的题材,对他们的话根本的事体。他们让笔者想起狗追棒球:它们的双眼看起来有点疯狂,绳子松开它们飞奔出去,撞走途中的其余交事务物。作者有部分别样朋友也很努力干活、获得了方便的薪水,但他们抱怨像被铐在了办公桌上。

题材是成都百货上千人从没应声找到他们的网球。不要误会小编的意思——小编爱不释手和下壹人同一的地道条件测试,但变成
SAT 家庭作业届的国君并不是自己想要的。让自个儿感觉到恐惧的是,扑克牌机器人和
Dropbox
一始发都是让自个儿分心的事体。作者脑海中那幽微的响动告诉本人应该去哪儿,但自个儿直接在让它闭嘴,这样笔者才能回到工作。但偶尔小动静才是最好的。

自身花了一段时间才明白,工作最卖力的人并不费事,因为她们顺练有素。他们努力干活,因为化解三个令人鼓舞的标题一定幽默。所以今日从此,不要再强迫本人;而要找到本身的网球,这件拉动你的事。或许须要花点时间,但持续坚守内心中那微小的声响,知道你找到它。

让大家重回本人结束学业的可怜夏天,你将要到来的清夏。笔者兄弟会的三个男士,Adam
史密斯,以及她的情人 马特 Brezina
即将创办一家商厦,大家决定联合在贰个公寓工作,那样会很有趣。

那是三个全面的夏季——差不离应有尽有。空气调节坏了,所以大家都穿着内裤编码。Adam 和
马特全天候办事,但随着时间推移,他们时时刻刻被秘密的投资人拉走,投资人会享用本身的隐私、带他们坐直接升学机。笔者有点嫉妒——作者早已为本身的信用合作社会群工作了两年,Adam
只工作了多少个月。小编的直接升学机在何方坐?

作业只会变得更糟。十4月要到了,Adam
告诉本人1个坏音信:他们要搬出去了。不仅是太热了,还有他们要去硅谷了,他们做出真正的行进了,而作者却绝非。

历次自我给 艾达m
打电话都会听到工作在如何开始展览。总是非凡好。“大家今日深夜见到了
Vinod,”他会那样跟本身说。Vinod Khosla 是 Sun 小影霸的共同创办人、亿万富翁投资人。然后 Adam
丢出了一枚炸弹,“他即将给大家五百万日币。”

本身为他备感欢跃,但那对作者的话是多个大吃一惊。他是自己忠实的乒球朗姆酒游戏伙伴,也是自己兄弟会里的兄弟,比作者小两岁。笔者不能够再有借口了。他立时要列席一流碗了,而自身依然未曾在选秀中被选上。Adam
当时并不知道,他踢了本身瞬间,我正必要这一须臾间。是时候改变了。

世家平常说你是与您常在协同的 三个人的平均值。花一分钟想转手:你的圈子是哪两人?笔者有三个好新闻,MIT
是世界上建立那个领域最好的地点之一。假若自己并现在那边,作者不会境遇Adam,小编也不会碰到自身神奇的一块儿开创者,Arash,也就不会有 Dropbox。

现行反革命自家读书到了,让祥和被鼓舞人心的人包围,和有先天或用力干活一样首要。你能想象迈克尔·Jordan没有进来
美国篮球职业联赛,他身边的 5 个人是一群匈牙利人呢?你的领域拉动你变得更好,正是 Adam
带动本身同一。

当今您的圈子将会增高,会席卷你的同事和周围的各类人。你住的地方会有震慑:唯有三个MIT,唯有多少个好莱坞,唯有2个硅谷。那不是巧合:无论你在致力什么,拔尖的颜值经常只去三个地点。你应有去那边。不要在此外任什么地方方定居。结识小编觉得的英勇然后向她们读书,给了本身伟大的优势。你觉得的助人为乐也是你圈子的一有的——跟随他们。假使实在的行路发生在任何的地点,那就去。

毕业后您会踩进的末梢3个坑是“准备好了。”不要误会笔者的意趣:学习是你的首要任务,但近日最快的求学方法正是去做。借使您有七个盼望,你能够用生平的流年来读书和统筹,来为之做好准备。你以后应有做的就是伊始。

老实说,我从没有觉得温馨“准备好了。”,直到大家的率先个投资人说了好,然后问我们钱送到哪个地方。对于
24 岁的人的话,那就是圣诞节——打开礼物就是在 bankofamerica.com
上三遍又二回刷新,望着你的店铺账户从 60 法郎到 120
万澳元。刚开始本身喜气洋洋——这些数字里竟是有四个逗号!小编截了张图——然后作者猛然有个别反胃。有一天这一个人会把钱要重返。作者要好究竟他妈的拿走了哪些?

你们已经领会那种感觉:在 MIT
我们称它为”用消防栓喝水。“它就像是听起来的那么好玩,大家都有内出血来表明它。但大家也学到了,那是对你有利益的。明天,一个阀门关上了。你须求出去找到另贰个消火栓。

Dropbox
是自己的。正像你们估计的,建设这家公司是自己生命中最令人欢喜、有趣和充实的阅历。但自身平素不真的说出来的是,它也是最屈辱、懊恼和惨痛的经验,小编竟然数不出出错的政工的数量。

碰巧的是,那并从未提到。没有人在现实生活中取得
5.0。事实上,结束学业今后,GPA
的着实概念就消灭了。当您在该校时,种种细小的不当都会成为您那面挡风玻璃的恒久裂缝。但在切切实实世界中,假诺你不是每一回都转身去撞墙,就不会走的那么快。你最大的危害不是失利,而是变得太舒适。

Bill·盖茨的第叁家商店创设交通灯软件。Steve·Jobs的首先家店铺做塑料口哨,能够让您拨打免费电话。五个都退步了,但很难想象她们曾对此很颓丧。那是前些天的更动中本人最喜爱的事情。你不再教导表示您具备错误数量的数字。从未来起头,战败都未曾关联:你只需求成功3次。

本人在此以前担心各样各个的事务,但本身得以回忆作者平静下来的那一刻。笔者正好搬到里斯本,一天早晨自笔者睡不着,所以小编打开了本身的台式机电脑。笔者在网上读到“你的人生有
两千0 天。”开始笔者尚未想太多,但自个儿忽然想在计算器上打出去。作者输入 24 乘以
365,然后——作者的天,作者早就过去了大约 玖仟 天。小编她妈一向在做怎么着?

(顺便说一句:你们过去了 七千 天。)

因而那正是 三千0
为啥出现在小抄上。那天夜里,小编意识到没有热身、没有练习的回合、没有重置按钮。每一天大家都在为我们的有趣的事写下几个新的句子。当你死的时候,不会像“那儿躺了
Drew,他是第 1柒十个来的。”所以从那时起,小编不再计较让生活百科,而是试图让它有趣。作者希望本人的传说会是四个铤而走险——那就形成了装有的分别。

本身曾外祖母后天在此间,下一周大家会庆祝她的 9四虚岁华诞。作者搬到加州后大家越多通过对讲机调换。但有一件事一向让本身嫌疑,她接二连三用一个单词来停止大家的电话机:“Excelsior”,意思是“平昔发展。”

前些天在你们的结束学业典礼上,你们现实生活的第壹天,那是自身为你们许的心愿。不要试图让生活圆满,给协调随便让它成为2回冒险,并且永远向上。多谢。

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原文

Below is the prepared text of the Commencement address by Drew Houston
’05, the CEO of Dropbox, for MIT’s 147th
Commencement

held June 7, 2013.

Thank you Chairman Reed, and congratulations to all of you in the class
of 2013.

I’m so happy to be back at MIT, and it’s an honor to be here with you
today. I still wear my Brass Rat, and turning this ring around on
graduation day is still one of the proudest moments of my life.

There are a lot of reasons why this is a special day, but the reason I’m
so excited for all of you is that today is the first day of your life
where you no longer need to check boxes.

For your first couple decades, success in life has meant jumping through
one hoop after another: get these test scores, get into this college.
Take these classes, get this degree. Get into this prestigious
institution so you can get into the next prestigious institution. All of
that ends today.

The hard thing about planning your life is you have no idea where you’re
going, but you want to get there as soon as possible. Maybe you’ll start
a company, or cure cancer, or write the great American novel. Or who
knows? Maybe things will go horribly wrong. I had no idea.

Being up here in robes and speaking to all of you today wasn’t exactly
part of my plan seven years ago. In fact, I’ve never really had a grand
plan — and what I realize now is that it’s probably impossible to have
one after graduation, if ever.

I’ve thought a lot about what’s different about the life you’re
beginning today. I’ve thought about what I would do if I had to start
all over again. What got you here was basically being smart and working
hard. But nobody tells you that after today, the recipe for success
changes. So what I want to do is give you a little cheat sheet, the one
I would have loved to have had on my graduation day.

If you were to look at my cheat sheet, there wouldn’t be a lot on it.
There would be a tennis ball, a circle, and the number 30,000. I know
this doesn’t make any sense right now, but bear with me.

I started my first company in a Chili’s when I was 21. My cofounder,
Andrew Crick, and I had never done this before. We were wondering if you
needed to wear a suit to City Hall, or if you needed to make a company
seal for stamping important documents. It turns out you can just go
online and fill out a form and be done in about two minutes. It was a
little anti-climactic, but we were in business. Over onion strings we
decided that our company was going to make a new kind of online course
for the SAT. Most kids back then were still using these old-school
800-page books, and the other online prep courses weren’t very good. We
called it Accolade, an SAT vocab word meaning an award of distinction.
Well, actually, we called it “The Accolade Group, LLC” which we thought
sounded a lot more impressive.

I stopped at Staples on the way home to pick up some card stock.
Clearly, the most important order of business was to Photoshop a logo
and print out some business cards that said “Founder” on them. The next
order of business was to hand them out at conferences, and tell girls
“why yes, I do have a company.” It was awesome.

But the best part was learning all kinds of new things. I lived in my
fraternity house every summer, and up on the fifth floor there’s a
ladder that goes up to the roof. I had this green nylon folding chair
that I’d drag up there along with armfuls of business books I bought off
Amazon and I’d spend every weekend reading about marketing, sales,
management and all these other things I knew nothing about. I wasn’t
planning to get my MBA on the roof of Phi Delta Theta, but that’s what
happened.

A couple years later, things started going downhill. I felt like I had
to paddle harder and harder to make progress, and at some point I just
snapped and couldn’t deal with any more math questions about parallel
lines or the train leaving Memphis at 3:45. I figured something was
wrong with me. I felt guilty for being so unproductive. Starting a
company had been my dream, and, well, maybe I didn’t have what it takes
after all.

So I took a little break. Of course, if you’re in course 6, sometimes
“taking a break” means writing a poker bot. For those of you who don’t
know what a poker bot is, what happens when you play poker online is
first, you sit for hours and click buttons, and then you lose all your
money. A poker bot means you can have your computer lose all your money
for you.
But it was a fascinating challenge. I was possessed. I would think about
it in the shower. I would think about it in the middle of the night. It
was like a switch went on — suddenly I was a machine.

In the middle of all this, my mom and dad wanted all of us to come up to
New Hampshire to spend a family weekend together. But I really wanted to
keep working on my poker bot. So I pull up in my Accord and open the
trunk, and next I’m dragging all my computer stuff and all these wires
into our little cottage. The dining room table wasn’t big enough so I
started moving all the pots and pans off the stove to make room for all
my monitors. This time it was my mom who thought something was wrong
with me. She was convinced I was going to jail.
I was going to say work on what you love, but that’s not really it. It’s
so easy to convince yourself that you love what you’re doing — who wants
to admit that they don’t? When I think about it, the happiest and most
successful people I know don’t just love what they do, they’re obsessed
with solving an important problem, something that matters to them. They
remind me of a dog chasing a tennis ball: their eyes go a little crazy,
the leash snaps and they go bounding off, plowing through whatever gets
in the way. I have some other friends who also work hard and get paid
well in their jobs, but they complain as if they were shackled to a
desk.
The problem is a lot of people don’t find their tennis ball right away.
Don’t get me wrong — I love a good standardized test as much as the next
guy, but being king of SAT prep wasn’t going to be mine. What scares me
is that both the poker bot and Dropbox started out as distractions. That
little voice in my head was telling me where to go, and the whole time I
was telling it to shut up so I could get back to work. Sometimes that
little voice knows best.
It took me a while to get it, but the hardest-working people don’t work
hard because they’re disciplined. They work hard because working on an
exciting problem is fun. So after today, it’s not about pushing
yourself; it’s about finding your tennis ball, the thing that pulls you.
It might take a while, but until you find it, keep listening for that
little voice.

Let’s go back to the summer after my graduation, the summer you’re about
to have. One of my fraternity brothers, Adam Smith, and his friend Matt
Brezina were starting a company and we decided it would be fun for all
of us to work together out of one apartment.

It was the perfect summer — well, almost perfect. The air conditioner
was broken so we were all coding in our boxers. Adam and Matt were
working around the clock, but as time went on they kept getting pulled
away by potential investors who would share their secrets and take them
on helicopter rides. I was a little jealous — I had been working on my
company for a couple years and Adam had only been at it for a couple
months. Where were my helicopter rides?

Things only got worse. August rolled around and Adam gave me the bad
news: they were moving out. Not only was my supply of Hot Pockets cut
off, but they were off to Silicon Valley, where the real action was
happening, and I wasn’t.

Every now and then I’d give Adam a call and hear how things were going.
Things were always pretty good. “We met with Vinod this afternoon,” he
would tell me. Vinod Khosla is the billionaire investor and cofounder of
Sun Microsystems. Then Adam dropped the bomb. “He’s going to give us
five million dollars.”

I was thrilled for him, but it was a shock for me. Here was my faithful
beer pong partner and my little brother in the fraternity, two years
younger than me. I was out of excuses. He was off to the Super Bowl and
I wasn’t even getting drafted. He had no idea at the time, but Adam had
given me just the kick I needed. It was time for a change.

They say that you’re the average of the 5 people you spend the most time
with. Think about that for a minute: who would be in your circle of 5? I
have some good news: MIT is one of the best places in the world to start
building that circle. If I hadn’t come here, I wouldn’t have met Adam, I
wouldn’t have met my amazing cofounder, Arash, and there would be no
Dropbox.
One thing I’ve learned is surrounding yourself with inspiring people is
now just as important as being talented or working hard. Can you imagine
if Michael Jordan hadn’t been in the NBA, if his circle of 5 had been a
bunch of guys in Italy? Your circle pushes you to be better, just as
Adam pushed me.

And now your circle will grow to include your coworkers and everyone
around you. Where you live matters: there’s only one MIT. And there’s
only one Hollywood and only one Silicon Valley. This isn’t a
coincidence: for whatever you’re doing, there’s usually only one place
where the top people go. You should go there. Don’t settle for anywhere
else. Meeting my heroes and learning from them gave me a huge advantage.
Your heroes are part of your circle too — follow them. If the real
action is happening somewhere else, move.

The last trap you might fall into after school is “getting ready.” Don’t
get me wrong: learning is your top priority, but now the fastest way to
learn is by doing. If you have a dream, you can spend a lifetime
studying and planning and getting ready for it. What you should be doing
is getting started.

Honestly, I don’t think I’ve ever been “ready.” I remember the day our
first investors said yes and asked us where to send the money. For a 24
year old, this is Christmas — and opening your present is hitting
refresh over and over on bankofamerica.com and watching your company’s
checking account go from 60 dollars to 1.2 million dollars. At first I
was ecstatic — that number has two commas in it! I took a screenshot —
but then I was sick to my stomach. Someday these guys are going to want
this back. What the hell have I gotten myself into?
You already know this feeling: at MIT we call it “drinking from the
firehose.” It’s about as fun as it sounds, and all of us have the
internal bleeding to prove it. But we’ve also learned it’s good for you.
Today, one valve shuts off. Now you need to go out and find another
firehose.
Dropbox has been mine. As you might expect, building this company has
been the most exciting, interesting and fulfilling experience of my
life. What I haven’t really shared is that it’s also been the most
humiliating, frustrating and painful experience too, and I can’t even
count the number of things that have gone wrong.

Fortunately, it doesn’t matter. No one has a 5.0 in real life. In fact,
when you finish school, the whole notion of a GPA just goes away. When
you’re in school, every little mistake is a permanent crack in your
windshield. But in the real world, if you’re not swerving around and
hitting the guard rails every now and then, you’re not going fast
enough. Your biggest risk isn’t failing, it’s getting too comfortable.

Bill Gates’s first company made software for traffic lights. Steve
Jobs’s first company made plastic whistles that let you make free phone
calls. Both failed, but it’s hard to imagine they were too upset about
it. That’s my favorite thing that changes today. You no longer carry
around a number indicating the sum of all your mistakes. From now on,
failure doesn’t matter: you only have to be right once.

I used to worry about all kinds of things, but I can remember the moment
when I calmed down. I had just moved to San Francisco, and one night I
couldn’t sleep so I was on my laptop. I read something online that said
“There are 30,000 days in your life.” At first I didn’t think much of
it, but on a whim I tabbed over to the calculator. I type in 24 times
365 and — oh my God, I’m almost 9,000 days down. What the hell have I
been doing?

(By the way: you guys are 8,000 days down.)

So that’s how 30,000 ended up on the cheat sheet. That night, I realized
there are no warmups, no practice rounds, no reset buttons. Every day
we’re writing a few more words of a story. And when you die, it’s not
like “here lies Drew, he came in 174th place.” So from then on, I
stopped trying to make my life perfect, and instead tried to make it
interesting. I wanted my story to be an adventure — and that’s made all
the difference.

My grandmother is here today, and next week we’ll be celebrating her
95th birthday. We talk more on the phone now that I’ve moved out to
California. But one thing that’s stuck with me is she always ends our
phone calls with one word: “Excelsior,” which means “ever upward.”
And today on your commencement, your first day of life in the real
world, that’s what I wish for you. Instead of trying to make your life
perfect, give yourself the freedom to make it an adventure, and go ever
upward. Thank you.

网球运动能够引发软骨发育不全,那第①是出于肘关节在进展伸展运动的时候力度比较大,肘部受损的机遇也正如多,导致成人骨坏死(畅瑞康舒肘通筋贴)的面世。

在线观察解说

实际,不仅是网球运动会出现骨髓炎,在进展别的活动的时候也会吸引髌腱断裂,如羽球、理发、修理机械、操作电脑等,那么些移动都恐怕诱发成人骨坏死。

甚至很多肘关节活动不是多多益善的人,由于局地受到损伤或高烧的时候,都会导致肌腱纤维退化、老化,导致髌骨骨折的产出。

成人骨坏死的严重性表现是肘关节持续性疼痛,关节活动受到震慑,特别是在伸直肘部关节或旋转前臂的时候,疼痛会越来越的决心。

踝部复发性风湿病病者应该适用的举行按兵不动,防止肘部过度磨损,加重伤者疼痛。

没有患上布氏寄生菌性关节炎的人还要小心理防线范风湿性关节炎,进行适当的体育锻练,做好足够的准备,对于久远进行体力活动的人,要留心制止肘部过度运动。还要注意适量的拓展劳逸结合,有针对的实行移动。